All operations on the Accumulate network are managed by an enhanced version of Distributed Digital Identities and Identifiers (DDIIs) that we refer to as Accumulate Digital Identifiers (ADIs). For example, ADIs can send and receive tokens like a Bitcoin address, issue smart contracts like an Ethereum address, and facilitate new and complex operations such as consensus building and key management. Each ADI operates as its independent chain. The states for a user’s identity include its keys, data, token accounts, and sub-identities that can be managed on the network. The ability to automate operations and enable multisignature (multisig) authorization gives ADIs the flexibility to be managed by an individual, an organization, or even a device (e.g., IoT sensors). ADIs can also be transferred or controlled by multiple parties to create a consortium that manages a user’s identity and data.